CM – Donald Rumsfeld, former Secretary of Defense, dies at the age of 88


Donald Rumsfeld, a staunch US Secretary of Defense who was the chief architect of the Iraq war until President George W. Bush replaced him when the United States was bogged down after three and a half years of fighting, has died at the age of 88, which shared the Family on Wednesday.

« It is with deep sadness that we share the news of the death of Donald Rumsfeld, an American statesman and devoted husband, father, grandfather and great-grandfather, » the statement reads. « At 88, he was surrounded by his family in his beloved Taos, New Mexico. »

Rumsfeld, who, along with Vietnam War-era Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, is considered the most powerful man on the job, brought charisma and bombast to him the job of the Pentagon projecting the muscular approach of the Bush administration to world affairs.

Under the leadership of Rumsfeld, US forces quickly overthrew Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, but failed to maintain law and order, and the Iraq fell into chaos with a bloody uprising and violence between Sunni and Shiite Muslims. US troops remained in Iraq until 2011, long after he left his post.

Rumsfeld played a leading role before the war when he accused the world of invading the world in March 2003. He warned of the dangers of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, but such weapons were never discovered.

Only McNamara was Secretary of Defense longer than Rumsfeld, who had two stations – from 1975 to 1977 under President Gerald Ford, for whom he was also Chief of Staff of the White House and served under Bush from 2001 to 2006.

Rumsfeld was known for his authoritative treatment of some military officers and members of Congress and for disputes with other members of the Bush team, including Secretary of State Colin Powell. It also estranged US allies in Europe.

In 2004, Bush twice refused to accept Rumsfeld’s resignation after photos of US personnel abusing prisoners at Abu Ghraib Prison outside Baghdad. The scandal sparked international condemnation of the United States.

The United States faced global condemnation after the photos US troops smiled, laughed and thumbs up as prisoners were forced into sexually abusing and degrading positions, including a naked human pyramid and simulated sex. One photo showed a prisoner who was forced to stand on a small box, his head was covered with a black hood and wires were attached to his body.

Rumsfeld personally authorized harsh interrogation techniques for inmates. The treatment of prisoners in Iraq and foreign terror suspects by the US in a special prison set up under Rumsfeld at the US naval base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba has been condemned internationally. Human rights activists and others said prisoners were tortured.

He was a close ally of Bush Vice President Dick Cheney, who worked for Rumsfeld during the Republican presidency of Richard Nixon and Ford in the 1970s.

Rumsfeld was employed a lightning rod of criticism, and with the Iraq war largely a stalemate and eroding public support, Bush replaced him in November 2006 against Cheney’s objections.

Days after swearing that Rumsfeld would stay for the remainder of his term in office , Bush announced his resignation the day after the midterm elections in which the Democrats took control of Congress from Bush’s Republicans amid voter anger over the Iraq war.

Robert Gates, a meek but demanding former CIA director , took over Rumsfeld in December 2006 and carried out far-reaching strategic and military leadership changes in Iraq.

Vie le historians and military experts blamed Rumsfeld for decisions that led to difficulties in Iraq. Rumsfeld, for example, insisted on a relatively small invasion force and rejected the views of many generals. There were insufficient troops to stabilize Iraq when Saddam fell.

Rumsfeld was also accused of being slow to recognize the emergence of the 2003 uprising and the threat it posed.

Der US occupation leader under Rumsfeld, L. Paul Bremer, quickly made two fateful decisions. One disbanded the Iraqi military and sent thousands of armed men onto the streets instead of using Iraqi soldiers as reconstruction troops as originally planned.

The second even excluded younger members of the formerly ruling Ba’ath Party from the Iraqi government and essentially emptied them the various ministries of the people who ran the government.

Rumsfeld also oversaw the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 to evict the Taliban leaders who had hosted the al-Qaeda leaders who were responsible for the 9/11 attacks on the United States were responsible. Like two years later in Iraq, Rumsfeld sent a small force to Afghanistan, quickly chased the Taliban out of power and then failed to ensure law and order.

The US armed forces were also not in during Rumsfeld’s tenure able to track down Osama bin Laden. In December 2001, the al-Qaida chief slipped past a modest force of US special forces and CIA officers and allied Afghan fighters in the Afghan mountains of Tora Bora. US forces killed him in 2011. Critics argue that if Rumsfeld had allocated more troops to the Afghan effort, bin Laden might have been captured. But as he wrote in “Rumsfeld’s Rules”, his compilation of truisms from the 1970s: “If you are not criticized, you may not do much.”

Another quote from “Rumsfeld’s Rules” was just as apt: “It It’s easier to get into something than to get out. ”

Rumsfeld was known for his boisterous press conferences, where he exchanged views with reporters and delivered memorable quotes.

When he spoke in 2002 about whether Iraq was a terrorist weapons of mass destruction he said: “Reports that say that something did not happen are always interesting to me because it is well known. There are things that we know we know. We also know that there are known unknowns. That said, we know there are some things that we don’t know. But there are also unknown strangers – the ones we don’t know, who we don’t know. ”

“ A lot is happening, ”he told reporters in April 2003 amid rampant lawlessness in Baghdad after US troops took the Iraqi capital.

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During his time outside the civil service, Rumsfeld grew rich as a successful businessman and served as the executive director of two Fortune 500 companies. In 1988 he briefly ran for the Republican US presidential candidacy.

Rumsfeld also served as a Navy pilot, US NATO ambassador and was elected to the US House of Representatives. He and Mrs. Joyce had three children.


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