November 14, 2020 08:25 AM NPT
Written by: Dr. Pallafi Koirala
Let’s take at least half an hour of brisk walking every day, eat a healthy diet, avoid alcohol and tobacco, and consume lots of fruits and vegetables.
A little sweetness is a must in this bitter world. However, we need to keep glucose under control because too much sugar in our bodies can be very dangerous.
Diabetes runs in my family. Accidents of my dad trying to sneak up on delicacies like a little kid and even lying about them can be funny sometimes. But deep down it worries me excruciatingly how I could have taken precautions by modifying his lifestyle and preventing him from contracting the disease in the first place.. He could then eat some sweets every now and then without lying about it.
But my story is only a representation of the stories in many families today. Diabetes mellitus has become a common disease. Therefore, it is important to talk more about this topic and alert people who are alert for sugar so that precautions are taken before it gets there..
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the world today. About 422 million (8. 5 percent of the adult population) suffers from this chronic disease worldwide and is expected to rise to 642 million by 2035 and more than 75 percent of new type 2 cases in low- and middle-income countries..
with 8. With an incidence rate of 4 per cent, diabetes is an emerging and serious health problem in Nepal. Diabetes is a leading cause of premature death and disability and there is an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. According to the STEPS survey in Nepal, 50 percent of the population with diabetes does not take medications and 89 percent have not measured their blood sugar level.. . This gives us a clear view of ignorance and the lack of awareness of people about this chronic disease.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (a hormone that regulates blood glucose) known as type 1 diabetes, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces known as type 2 diabetes.. The most common type – the second type – results in lifelong complications. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has increased dramatically in the past few decades, especially in low and middle income countries.
The prevalence of diabetes is linked to modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Overweight and obesity are the main modifiable risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Lack of adequate physical activity, smoking, tobacco consumption, alcohol use, and an unhealthy diet increase the risk of developing diabetes. Non-adjustable factors include family history and age factors. The increase in non-communicable diseases, including diabetes, is being driven by urbanization and globalization. If not controlled, it can lead to long-term damage and dysfunction of the heart, eyes, kidneys, blood vessels, and nerves.. Therefore, it is extremely important to control blood sugar level if one has risk factors.
In Nepal, infectious diseases are overwhelmingly non-communicable. However, Nepal is experiencing an epidemiological transition as the increasing rate of non-communicable diseases outpaces infectious diseases. Thus, non-communicable diseases, including diabetes, pose a major threat to the entire healthcare system. Nepal is currently suffering from a double burden of disease (communicable and non-communicable diseases).
Hence, early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes is the key to controlling the disease and preventing its complications. The government should bring some powerful programs across the country. Screening and screening programs should be conducted throughout the country. The media campaign plays a big role in creating awareness. An efficient workforce and laboratories must be built. Antidiabetics should be affordable and affordable for the general public.
Nepal has a National Multisectoral Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (2014-2020) which addresses the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases through primary health care and universal health coverage.. The action plan contains broad strategic actions to reduce the overall death rate due to diabetes by 25% by 2025. It also implemented the PEN Package which is a cost-effective intervention for the detection and management of type 2 diabetes.. The government has also included 12 non-infectious disease medicines on its free-of-charge essential medicine list.
The government should strengthen the programs by implementing them in all regions at the national level. Preventive and curative services for non-communicable diseases should be available from the primary health care level. An interdisciplinary approach from government, policymakers, the private sector, stakeholders, health professionals and communities must be implemented to manage diabetes.
World Diabetes Day is celebrated on November 14 every year around the world to keep diabetes in the public and political spotlight to reinforce the importance of taking coordinated and coordinated action to confront diabetes as a serious health problem.. The theme for 2020 is « Nurse and Diabetes ». The topic focuses on the critical role of nurses in supporting and educating people with diabetes regarding their diets, medications and complications..
Let’s celebrate World Diabetes Day with a strong commitment to adjusting our lifestyle. Here are some things to start with: Let’s start brisk walking for at least half an hour every day, follow a healthy diet, avoid (reduce) alcohol intake, avoid tobacco, avoid cholesterol-rich foods, and consume lots of fruits and vegetables. Too much blood sugar If a person already has diabetes, screen for diabetes after 45 years.
It is said, “Medicines do not benefit patients who do not take them. “Fear of taking medicines for life is another factor behind people’s ignorance of this disease that leads to complications of the disease at a very early age. .
Therefore, it is important to understand that taking the pill at the right time while examining and balancing the factors discussed above can prevent complications and premature death from this disease.. So, let’s all play our roles in preventing this chronic disease as the phrase goes.
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Diabetes, World Diabetes Day, Pandemic, and Non-communicable Diseases
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